ABOUT THE AUTHOR

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Born Errol Bennett in 1956 at the University of the West Indies Hospital to Miss Mary Mitchell and Mr. Kenneth Bennett. General Smiley was one half of Jamaica’s number one Dee Jay duo Papa Michigan and General Smiley. General Smiley (born Errol Bennett) were among the first dual-toasters on the Jamaican scene. Beginning in the late ’70s while still in school, the humorous duo’s (Smiley got his name because he never smiles) They first recorded at Clement “Coxsone” Dodd’s Studio One in Jamaica, pressing their first number one hit single, “Rub a Dub Style”, which featured their call and response style vocals, overdubbed on the Studio One rhythm, “Vanity” (the instrumental alias given to Alton Ellis’ Rocksteady classic, “I’m Just A Guy”). Their next single, perhaps a larger hit, “Nice Up the Dance” was a version of the quintessential Studio 1 rhythm, “Real Rock”. These singles, with four other tracks, also versions of Studio One rhythms, were released as their first album, Rub-A-Dub Style. The names of these two singles were quickly incorporated into the lexicon of dancehall phraseology. Their call and response style was likewise influential on the future developments of the music, blending together straightforward singing styles and toasting.